Eggplants are an Old World crop, valued for their taste as well as antioxidant and micronutrient contents. Three cultivated species are known: the Gboma eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon), the scarlet eggplant (S. aethiopicum) and the brinjal eggplant (S. melongena).
S. macrocarpon is native to tropical Africa. It is grown today for its leaves and fruits in West, East and Central Africa, Surinam and the Caribbean. S. aethiopicumis native to Africa as well, but it is now also cultivated in tropical South America and the Caribbean. The domestication of S. melongena probably took place in the area between India, Myanmar and China. The brinjal eggplant reached the Mediterranean basin between the 7th and 8th centuries. Today, S. melongena is the most important cultivated eggplant, widely grown in South Europe and Asia.
The breeding objectives for eggplant are varied, including resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses, improved nutritional content, high yields and enhanced fruit quality.
- Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP, Ecuador)
- Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI)
- Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI, Ghana)
- Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Agrícolas (ICTA, Guatemala)
- Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO, Kenya)
- Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI, Malaysia)
- National Agriculture Genetic Resources Center (NAGRC - Nepal)
- National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB)
- Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI - Pakistan)
- Agricultural Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Research Centre (APGRC)
- Plant Genetic Resources Centre (PGRC, Uganda)
- Plant Resources Center (PRC, Vietnam)